Comparison of the impact of conventional and organic farming on the provision of ecosystem services and formulation of arguments for adjusting the setting of support for organic farming.
The project aims to compare the impact of conventional and organic farming on the provision of ecosystem services, using own research, available data and literature. Ecosystem services whose provision is crucial both for the long-term resilience of agrarian ecosystems and for maintaining the resilience of the whole environment will be quantified. By quantifying ecosystem services in biophysical units (in conventional and organic farming) and their subsequent assessment, including life cycle assessment of selected agricultural products, the hitherto insufficiently under-considered added value of organic farming production in relation to the ecosystem services will be analyzed. Arguments and recommendations for (adjusting) the setting of organic farming support in accordance with the Czech Action Plan of organic farming and other related documents will be formulated.
|Funding agency:||Ministry of Agriculture of the Czech Republic|
|Contact person:||Jiří Louda, e-mail: email@example.com|
|Researchers:||Jan Macháč, Lenka Dubová, Marek Hekrle, Jan Vávra|
|In cooperation with:||Crop Research Institute
University of South Bohemia in České Budějovice
Global Change Research Institute of the Czech Academy of Sciences
Analysis of the role of self-organized forest communities in innovative forest governance and sustainable forest ecosystem services provision.
Abstract: Self-organized forest communities (FCs) have governed common forests in a sustainable way in Europe for centuries. In most Central and Eastern European countries, this tradition was interrupted by the communist regime in the second half of the 20th century. The social demand for non-provisioning forest ecosystem services (FES) is increasing nowadays and FCs could play a significant role in their provision. However, FCs are currently facing many challenges, e.g., climate change, loss of income or changing social values. The paper investigates (i) the role of self-organized FCs in innovative forest governance and sustainable FES provision and (ii) specific conditions and fostering/hindering factors affecting implementation of innovative forest governance schemes by FCs in CEE.
Factors influencing forest governance innovations in two FCs in Czechia and Slovakia were identified and discussed during workshops, focus groups and semi-structured interviews with their members and stakeholders. It was shown that self-organized FCs could play a pioneering role in implementation of innovations as they are open to novel solutions and have the ability to flexibly and collectively respond to new challenges. Emphasis on non-provisioning FES, cooperation of actors, strong leadership and introduction of financial compensations are key fostering factors. In contrast, factors related to institutional settings (e.g., current legislative environment) are perceived as hindering.
Citation and link: Louda, J., Dubová, L., Špaček, M., Brnkaláková, S., Kluvánková, T. 2023. Factors affecting governance innovations for ecosystem services provision: Insights from two self-organized forest communities in Czechia and Slovakia. Ecosystem Services, 59, 101497. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecoser.2022.101497
Recommendations for better flood risk mitigation via land use changes
Abstract: Flood risk management (FRM) aims to integrate necessary technical measures with environmental and societal approaches. Focusing on the process and governance of how to plan, implement, and maintain solutions therefore becomes essential. Among the different stakeholders, landowners are a key group to be considered. This contribution elaborates on the interconnections between land policy, FRM and private land ownership. It is based on the European COST Action network LAND4FLOOD, which brings together academics and stakeholders from various disciplines and more than 35 countries. We argue for a less project oriented and more process oriented approach, a focus on land management and more emphasis on small-scale measures. This represents a break with some of the recent working paradigms of FRM.
Full citation: Potocki, K., Hartmann, T., Slavikova, L., Collentine, D., Veidemane, K., Raska, P., Barstad, J., Evans, R. (2022). Land Policy for Flood Risk Management—Toward a New Working Paradigm. Earth´s Future, 10, e2021EF002491.
How to design financial instruments in a flood recovery period and in the long run?
Financial schemes for flood recovery, if properly designed and implemented, might increase flood resilience. However, options for the increase of flood resilience during the recovery phase are to a large extent overlooked and the diversity of existing schemes shows that there has been a lack of consensus on how to achieve resilient flood recovery.
Financial Schemes for Resilient Flood Recovery investigates how the implementation of financial schemes (government relief subsidies, insurance schemes, buy-outs, etc.) might increase flood resilience. The chapters included in this edited volume address the following questions: Shall government relief subsidies exist when there is flood insurance in place, and, if so, how might they both be coordinated? Where (or how) to decide about build back better incentives and where to go for planned relocation programs? What is the distributional equity of financial schemes for flood recovery, and has it been sufficiently treated?
The book covers different approaches to flood recovery schemes with specific intervention rationales in different countries. Empirical evidence provided clearly shows the great diversity of financial flood recovery schemes. This diversity of state-funded schemes, private-based insurance schemes, and hybrids as well as planned relocation schemes indicates a lack of a consistent and strategic approach in flood risk management and flood resilience about flood recovery.
The chapters in this book were originally published in the Environmental Hazards.
Full citation: Slavíková L,, Hartmann, T., & Thaler, T. (2021). Financial Schemes for Resilient Flood Recovery (1st ed.). Routledge, Taylor & Francis Group.
The book calls for the interconnection of land policy instruments and flood risk management in Europe.
Centralising the role of land and landowners, Spatial Flood Risk Management brings together knowledge from socio-economy, public policy, hydrology, geomorphology, and engineering to establish an interdisciplinary knowledge base on spatial approaches to managing flood risks. The final LAND4FLOOD COST Action book brings together more than 25 authors from different disciplines and different European countries to discuss existing challenges.
Open Access book is available here: Hartmann, T., Slavíková, L., Wilkinson, M. (2022): Spatial flood risk management. Edward Elgar.
Construction of the economic model for the organic waste transport optimalization.
Abstract: Nowadays, dealing with organic waste (or biowaste) remains a global phenomenon. Especially developing countries worldwide generate more than 50 percent organicwaste. In the European Union (EU) with a share of 34%, biowaste is a dominantfraction of the municipal waste (EEA, 2020). Therefore, separate collection at source and environmentally sound treatment of biowaste are of key importance. An intensive optimisation of biowaste separate collection is needed to balance demands of municipal representatives and households’ needs. Based on the mixed-method approach we developed a MCDA model complemented by expert-based weighting assessment and combined with the GIS localisation tools aimed at the optimisation of biowaste container locations that reflects various spatial conditions, preconditions for the localisation of containers and its cost intensity. We concluded that changing the density of containers, distance between the address point and container, and selecting container locations that respect the habits of households and demands of the collection technology significantly affect the total and collection costs. We confirmed that the decreases in the total costs were not significant for maximum walking distances of over 95 m, and would approach zero for distances of over 230 m. When the maximum walking distance exceeds 268 m, 40% of all inhabitants would not participate in the system as it would be inconvenient for them. A recycling campaign is needed to increase their willingness to participate in the system. We provided arguments for decision-makers how to balance convenience of the biowaste separation system and collection costs by proper localisation of biowaste containers.
Citation and link: Slavík, J., Dolejš, M., & Rybová, K. (2021). Mixed-method approach incorporating Geographic information system (GIS) tools for optimizing collection costs and convenience of the biowaste separate collection. Waste Management, 134, 177–186.
The data on the amount and types of tobacco products in littering and household waste helps to define boundaries of the extended producer responsibility.
As part of EPR schemes, some manufacturers of one-way plastics are obliged to find ways to share the cleaning costs and thus help the local government to finance the cleaning activities or possibly information and communication campaigns. However, a prerequisite for creating computational models is knowledge of the proportion of cigarette butts and other smoking products in littering. Especially within the localities for which littering behavior is typical – shopping streets and squares or natural environments.
|Funding Agency:||Philip Morris ČR a.s., British American Tobacco (Czech Republic), s.r.o., JT International spol. s r.o., Imperial Tobacco CR, s.r.o.|
|Duration:||9/2021 – 06/2022|
|Contact person:||Jan Slavík, e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org, email@example.com|
|Researchers:||Jan Slavík, David Hrabina, Zdeňka Ilková, Blanka Bannertová, Ilona Faitová, Alice Charvátová, Veronika Rožcová, Ladislav Petrovič|
|In Cooperation with:||GREEN Solutions, s.r.o.|
|Outputs:||Internal report for the funder.|
Littering analysis in selected Czech case sites contributed to the proposal of the economic model to cover clearance costs of public spaces.
To better understand the littering behavior of Czech citizens, the analysis of littering waste in urban areas (e.g., public transport stops, parks, squares, or shopping streets) and natural areas (e.g., rest areas, hiking trails, and areas around water bodies intended for recreation) is needed. Knowing the causes of littering behavior is a prerequisite for designing instruments to prevent this behavior. Furthermore, the data on the composition of littering waste (according to weight, volume, and a number of pieces) allow us to propose a model for sharing the costs of cleaning up this waste between producers.
|Funding Agency:||EKO-KOM, a.s.|
|Duration:||7/2020 – 12/2021|
|Contact person:||Jan Slavík, e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org, email@example.com|
|Researchers:||Jan Slavík, Martina Vrbová, David Hrabina, Zdeňka Ilková, Blanka Bannertová, Ilona Faitová, Alice Charvátová, Veronika Rožcová, Ladislav Petrovič, Filip Křivánek, Pavel Krajíček|
|In Cooperation with:||GREEN Solutions, s.r.o.|
|Outputs:||Internal document for the funder.|
The IEEP Transport & Mobility group organizes one event after another to present its results on sustainable mobility planning and impacts of COVID-19 pandemict on city transport.
See e.g. certified Guidelines on how to evaluate sustainable mobility or the Model PLUMM aiming at supporting municipal and regional self-governments in planning mobility development.
News are presented on the group web-site Mobilita IEEP or on Facebook Doprava a Mobilita
IEEP together with Vodafone, Czech Ministry of the Environment and other partners organizes 4th national competition CzechEnviThesis that seeks for the best bachelor or diploma thesis focused on socio-economic aspects of environmental protection. The final ceremony is held on 1st December 2022 in Usti nad Labem.
Follow the announcement of five finalists and other news on Facebooku.