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Improving society’s resilience to effects of crisis by increasing food self-sufficiency

Promotion of establishment of urban community gardens (CG) to mitigate economic and social impacts of crises.

Community gardens brings numerous benefits for their members not only in the form of crop production or promotion of social relations, as well as other city inhabitants. As a green element in the urban environment, they contribute to improving quality of life by providing ecosystem services, including rainwater runoff regulation, air quality regulation and microclimate cooling. In a broader context, they additionally perform educational, recreational and cultural functions, and are a place for safe meetings in the public space, a venue for cultural events, education for children, etc. From elected municipal representatives’ point of view, they meet goals of climate change adaptation strategies and may contribute to development of neglected or otherwise unused urban land. Promotion of urban CG is thus also beneficial for inhabitants not directly affected by impacts of crises.

The objective of this interdisciplinary project is to identify the potential for reducing negative impacts of crises by establishment of community gardens on municipal land leading to increasing food self-sufficiency of city inhabitants. A survey among community garden members, coordinators as well as city inhabitants and elected municipal representatives will identify benefits of community gardens during the COVID-19 crisis, barriers to establishment of urban CG and most appropriate plots of land, along with checking the demand among inhabitants for involvement in urban agriculture in community gardens. Eventually, we will identify the overall potential for CG establishment by municipalities in order to mitigate negative impacts of economic and social crises on inhabitants.

In this project, the IEEP research team follows up on its previous research dealing with benefits of community gardens and motivations of their members. The findings will be dissemination in collaboration with KOKOZA, o.p.s., and will be used to support establishment of specific urban community gardens in selected cities.

 

Funding agency: Technology Agency of the Czech Republic (TL05000718)
Duration: 05/2021 – 12/2023
Contact person: Jan Macháč, e-mail: machac@ieep.cz
Researchers: Jan Macháč, Lenka Dubová, Marek Hekrle, Jan Vávra
In cooperation with: KOKOZA, o.p.s. (project partner)
Project outcomes: The main project outcome will be a Summary Research Report, presenting benefits of CG during crises, demand for urban CG among inhabitants, supply by municipalities and factors of CG sustainability, providing recommendations for elimination barriers to CG establishment, and presenting a procedure for identifying suitable sites for CG establishment in Czech cities.

 

 

Rainwater management in households: economic incentives, barriers and motivations

Why Czech households do (not) use rainwater? What are the effective positive and negative incentives for more intensive rainwater management?

Changes in hydrological regime and their impacts, such as droughts and flashfloods, require changes in rainwater management. Households are important parts of the story. Retained rainwater can be replace part of the drinking water uses, such as garden irrigation, flushing toilets, etc. The project aims at capturing household preferences towards rainwater management – this is done through repeated representative surveys, so we can compare differences in preferences in time. Also, impacts of economic instruments of the public policy are evaluated in this area.

We cooperate with STEM and Faculty of Civil Engineering of the Czech Technical University Prague.

 

Funding Agency: TAČR, SMART-ITI
Duration: 2017 – 2023
Contact Person: Lenka Slavíková, e-mail: slavikova@ieep.cz, lenka.slavikova@ujep.cz
Researchers: Lenka Slavíková, Jan Macháč

STRIMAII: Saxon-Czech Flood Risk Management II

Vulnerability to floods, nature-based measures and importance of small water bodies

A series of three studies and leaflets dedicated to different aspects of floods, solved by the project Saxon-Czech Flood Risk Management II, funded by the European Union via the European Regional Development Fund. For more information about STRIMA II, click zde.

 

Vulnerability

Globally, floods are among the most serious natural dangers, which is why we need to focus on reducing their impacts. However, that requires both detailed understanding of their different aspects and grasping their complex nature. Vulnerability belongs among the key terms in flood risk management. The degree of vulnerability is determined separately for the population and for different types of structures or activities, for example. Vulnerability is described in detail in the leaflet and the study.

Bibliographic reference: Raška, P. et al. (2018). Vulnerability to floods: Information material on flood vulnerability assessment for public administration and private entities (Zranitelnost povodněmi: Informační materiál k hodnocení zranitelnosti povodněmi pro veřejnou správu a soukromé subjekty). J. E. Purkyně University in Usti nad Labem

For download:

Information leaflet: What is flood vulnerability? Summary for public administratrion and private entities (English version)

Information leaflet: Wie ist Verletzbarkeit durch Hochwasser zu verstehen? (German version)

Study: Zranitelnost povodněmi: Informační materiál k hodnocení zranitelnosti povodněmi pro veřejnou správu a soukromé subjekty (Czech version)

Study: Verletzbarkeit durch Hochwasser Informationsmaterial zur Bewertung der Verletzbarkeit infolge Hochwasser für die öffentliche Verwaltung, Privatfirmen und Bürger (German version)

 

Nature-based flood protection measures

Nature-based flood protection measures are implemented in landscape, on watercourses or in human settlements and make use of green and blue infrastructure. In addition to these functions, they often provide many more benefits for ecosystems (such as soil protection from erosion). Measures implemented to protect from floods include polders, pools and baulks. Their function with regard to floods consists in capturing water in landscape, slowing down its progress and capturing torrential rains and resulting flood waves. The outcomes focus primarily on economic aspects (costs and benefits) and on ecosystem services provided.

Bibliographic reference: Macháč, J. et al. (2018). Classification and evaluation of nature-based flood protection measures in selected environmental public goods (Klasifikace a hodnocení přírodě blízkých protipovodňových opatření na vybraných veřejných statcích životního prostředí). J. E. Purkyně University in Usti nad Labem

For download:

Information leaflet: Nature-based flood protection solutions and their benefits (English version)

Information leaflet: Was versteht man unter naturnahen Hochwasserschutzmaßnahmen? (German version)

Study: Klasifikace a hodnocení přírodě blízkých protipovodňových opatření na vybraných veřejných statcích životního prostředí (Czech version)

Study: Klassifikation und Bewertung von naturnahen Hochwasser-schutzmaßnahmen auf ausgewählten öffentlichen Umweltgütern (German version)

 

Small water bodies in landscape: their functions and barriers to their construction

Drought periods as well as torrential rains require a change in water source management. One possible strategy is to improve the ability to retain precipitation as close as possible to its place of impact, thus slowing water runoff from the catchment area. Solutions include establishment of small water bodies in landscape, specifically various types of pools, systems of pools and wetland ecosystems. The advantage is that some of them do not need to be permanently filled with water and they have no technical outflow controls, and they simultaneously perform a number of interconnected functions in the landscape. However, their implementation is associated with possible barriers, such as ownership relations in the area and insufficient funding sources. See the study and the leaflet for more information.

Bibliographic reference: Slavíková, L. et al. (2019). Small water bodies in landscape as a comprehensive tool for water retention in catchment areas: Institutional analysis results (Drobné vodní plochy v krajině jako komplexní nástroj k retenci vody v ploše povodí. Výsledky institucionální analýzy). J. E. Purkyně University in Usti nad Labem

For download:

Information leaflet: Small water bodies in landscape: their functions and barriers to their construction (English version)

Information leaflet: Kleinwasserflächen in der Landschaft: ihre Funktion und Hindernisse bei der Errichtung (German version)

Study: Drobné vodní plochy v krajině jako komplexní nástroj k retenci vody v ploše povodí Výsledky institucionální analýzy (česká verze)

Study: Kleinwasserflächen in der Landschaft als komplexes Werkzeug zur Wasserretention im Flussgebiet Ergebnisse institutioneller Analyse (německá verze)

 

High-featured papers published in 2020

IEEP members has published papers in high featured research journals:

Brůhová Foltýnová, H., Vejchodská, E., Rybová, K., & Květoň, V. (2020). Sustainable urban mobility: One definition, different stakeholders’ opinions. Transportation Research Part D, 87, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.trd.2020.102465

Macháč, J., Brabec, J., & Vojáček, O. (2020). Development and Implementation of the Concept of Disproportionate Costs in Water Management in Central Europe in the Light of the EU WFD. Water Alternatives, 13(3), 3

We cooperated on the booklet creation: Ústí nad Labem: Post-industrial Diamond

Unusual guide for not-just-tourists: All you need to know about city planning challenges!

This is a brief guide to the city of Ústí nad Labem. This  English booklet summarizes essential themes of the city that were raised during the community education series Re-vize Ústí. The booklet is devoted to foreign professionals and to people who want to learn more about the city  they have visited. The booklet is a cooperative project of Re-vize Ústí and Jan Evangelista Purkyně University.

Download fulltext: ↓here

Students from around the World Come to Map the Greenery in Ústí nad Labem

From 17th to 21st June, 2019, the Faculty of Social and Economic Studies and the Faculty of Science of J. E. Purkyně University will be organizing the International Summer School on Ecosystem Services. Here, students from around the world will map the greenery in selected parts of Ústí nad Labem.

„This is the first summer school of this type that we are organizing. Admission was opened to all university students in the whole world regardless of area of study. We are very pleased by students’ interest,” comments Dr. Jiří Louda, organizer of the summer school as well as of the project BIDELIN, within which the summer school is being held. He adds, “We selected 23 students from 12 countries – Turkey, Switzerland, Germany, but even from China or Algeria, for example – to participate in the summer school.”

The Summer School on Ecosystem Services should familiarize the students with selected methods of mapping and evaluating ecosystem services as well as practically trying them out in a selected model territory. “The course will not be of only theoretical lectures; we are mainly putting emphasis on practical work,” Dr. Louda says and specifies, “The students will map greenery in selected locations in Ústí nad Labem. After analyzing the acquired data, they will try to design measures for improving the current situation.”

Theoretical instruction will take place at the Department of Geography of the Faculty of Science of J.E.P. University, where students will also work with geographical information systems (GIS).

Besides the Faculties of Social and Economic Studies and of Science at UJEP, the Leibniz-Institut für ökologische Raumentwicklung in Dresden and Anhalt University of Applied Sciences in Bernburg are also participating in the organization.

“The cooperation with co-organizers is no coincidence. We have been organizing a bilateral Czech-German course focused on similar themes with both institutions for 6 years. The course, which is held in the winter semester, is only open to students of UJEP and from Germany, however,” clarifies Dr. Louda. “The current summer school is open to absolutely everyone.”

 

Download the summer school flyer here.

 

Contact:

Dr. Jiri Louda

louda@ieep.cz