Why are city dwellers paticipating in urban gardeing and what motivates people to became a member of community garden?
Abstract: Urban gardening provides city dwellers with a wide range of benefits. Research dealing with the benefits of community gardens (CG) is often qualitative, focused on their founders’ motivations. The objective of our contemporary quantitative study is to understand why the inhabitants of Czech cities join CGs. The paper answers the research question: “What drivers exist for members’ participation in CGs?” It also deals with how the drivers of CG members differ across CGs’ locations in different urban structures. The data were obtained through an online survey from 28 CGs across Czechia, in both the capital and smaller cities. The importance of the different drivers was examined using statistical analysis and logit models. The research shows that the main motivation for the members is not crop production itself but, rather, the spending of leisure time, social contact and relaxation. Other key drivers include the passing on of experience and knowledge about nature to children, which is found mostly among the members with previous cultivation experience. Based on our results, CGs may contribute to the development of public life and to the improvement of public space; hence, the greater support by local decision makers or spatial planners can be justified.
Citation: Dubová, L., Macháč, J., Vacková, A. (2020). Food Provision, Social Interaction or Relaxation: Which Drivers Are Vital to Being a Member of Community Gardens in Czech Cities?, Sustainability, 12, 9588; doi:10.3390/su12229588
What are the challenges of natural flood retention measure implementation on private land?
Abstract: Nature-based solutions (NBS) in Flood Risk Management require more—and mostly privately owned—land, and more diverse stakeholder involvement than traditional (grey) engineering approaches. This also implies that there are challenges related to different disciplines. Flood risk management with NBS is an issue not only of technical expertise, but it asks for land-use planning, economics, property rights, sociology, landscape planning, ecology, hydrology, agriculture and other disciplines to cope with the challenges of implementing them. Nature-based FRM is thus an inter- and transdisciplinary endeavor. In the book, cases are presented that develop, demonstrate or deploy innovative systemic and yet locally attuned NBS (i.e., green and blue infrastructure and ecosystem-based management approaches, in rural and urban areas).
Hartmann T., Slavíková L., McCarthy S. (eds) Nature-Based Flood Risk Management on Private Land. Springer, Cham. ISBN: 978-3-030-23841-4
From 17th to 21st June, 2019, the Faculty of Social and Economic Studies and the Faculty of Science of J. E. Purkyně University will be organizing the International Summer School on Ecosystem Services. Here, students from around the world will map the greenery in selected parts of Ústí nad Labem.
„This is the first summer school of this type that we are organizing. Admission was opened to all university students in the whole world regardless of area of study. We are very pleased by students’ interest,” comments Dr. Jiří Louda, organizer of the summer school as well as of the project BIDELIN, within which the summer school is being held. He adds, “We selected 23 students from 12 countries – Turkey, Switzerland, Germany, but even from China or Algeria, for example – to participate in the summer school.”
The Summer School on Ecosystem Services should familiarize the students with selected methods of mapping and evaluating ecosystem services as well as practically trying them out in a selected model territory. “The course will not be of only theoretical lectures; we are mainly putting emphasis on practical work,” Dr. Louda says and specifies, “The students will map greenery in selected locations in Ústí nad Labem. After analyzing the acquired data, they will try to design measures for improving the current situation.”
Theoretical instruction will take place at the Department of Geography of the Faculty of Science of J.E.P. University, where students will also work with geographical information systems (GIS).
Besides the Faculties of Social and Economic Studies and of Science at UJEP, the Leibniz-Institut für ökologische Raumentwicklung in Dresden and Anhalt University of Applied Sciences in Bernburg are also participating in the organization.
“The cooperation with co-organizers is no coincidence. We have been organizing a bilateral Czech-German course focused on similar themes with both institutions for 6 years. The course, which is held in the winter semester, is only open to students of UJEP and from Germany, however,” clarifies Dr. Louda. “The current summer school is open to absolutely everyone.”
Download the summer school flyer here.
Dr. Jiri Louda
The 6th year student course about Values of ecosystem services, biodiversity and green-blue infrastructure in cities focuses on exemplary parts of the city of Decin – Marianska louka, Kvadrberk – at this time. Course took place on the second week of October at Jan Evangelista Purkyne University in Usti nad Labem (UJEP). The IEEP with Liebniz Institute of Ecological Urban and Regional Developmnet organise this bilateral course for Czech and German student. This 3-day course allows participants to test methods of mapping green-blue infrastructure. The goal of this mapping is to evaluate ecosystem services of selected locations. Ecosystem services are the direct and indirect contributions of ecosystems to human well-being.
Each Czech-German group of students will work on a joint project over the next few months. They will use the acquired methods to evaluate green-blue areas in Decin. Interim results will be presented in November 2018 at Dresden meeting in IÖR (Dresden). The course is organised as a part of BIDELIN project. Looking forward to a second meeting!
We invite you to an international conference Energy efficiency policies toward 2030 – opportunities and challenges for Central Europe, which we hold in cooperation with the Czech Technical University in Prague and the Czech-Austrian Energy Expert Group. The conference will take place on 26 November 2018 in How2Base Hall in the city centre of Prague (address: Římská 20, Prague 2).
Capacity of the conference is limited! Please confirm your attendance until 15th November 2018 by e-mail to: email@example.com.
Detailed conference program here.
The paper shows underestimation of European estimate of the costs induced by the MCP Directive based on SimTool approach.
ABSTRACT: The December 2013 Medium Combustion Plants Directive (MCP Directive) proposal was evaluated by the national governments. In the Czech Republic, there are 6710 plants affected by this Directive, which is about 4.6% of the total of 143,000 relevant European plants.
The paper introduces our approach of policy impact assessment called SimTool. The costs estimated for the European Commission in the background study (AMEC, 2014) are assumed to reach EUR 5.9 million for the Czech Republic for the preferred scenario by the European Commission. Further presented national impact assessment estimates the induced annual costs of the proposal at EUR 61 million, which is about 10 times greater than the European impact assessment estimate.
As part of the national impact assessment, the different fuel categories had to be analyzed separately due to their specific features and different options for achieving the emission limit target values. During the impact assessment, a survey was made in order to determine the source operators’ preferences and responses to the potential adoption of the MCP Directive. Based on the analysis of data from the operators and consultations with experts about the different technologies, technical options for achievement of the proposed emission limits, including an estimate of the operating and investment costs, were proposed.
The paper concentrates on the Czech impact assessment approach and discusses the reasons of the discrepancy between the European impact assessment and the Czech version. We argue that the inaccuracies of the European impact assessments are given by usage of the general abatement cost curves in the models which do not reflect the reality sufficiently. This paper states an argument for the necessity to carry out analysis at the local level
Citation: Vojáček, O., Sobotka, L., Macháč, J., Žilka, M. (2018). Impact assessment of Proposal for a Directive on the limitation of emissions from medium combustion plants – National impact assessment compared to the European impact estimate. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews (Vol. 82, pp. 1854-1862). https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rser.2017.06.119
Paper compares Czech and German methodology for the disproportionate costs evaluation.
ABSTRACT: The EU Water Framework Directive requires all water bodies within EU member states to achieve the “good status” by 2015/2021/2027. As it has proved to be very challenging for many water bodies, demand for cost proportionality analysis has increased dramatically, because disproportionate costs are one of the justifiable reasons for a deadline extension. This has led to development of many approaches across Europe. Among others, the Czech official methodology based on monetary cost-benefit analysis and the German “New Leipzig approach” based on criteria and cost threshold were introduced in 2015. Both approaches estimate costs of achieving the “good status”, but differ significantly in evaluating benefits. The Czech methodology identifies various categories of benefits, monetizes them and later compares them with costs of measure implementation. The German methodology determines how proportionate it is to spend on measures based on past public expenditures, objective distance to the “good status” and generated benefits. Both methodologies were tested on a small Stanovice catchment in the Czech Republic with similar results, which allows for a comparison of the two approaches they represent. Achieving the “good status” is viewed as cost-proportionate. Application of both methodologies is associated with numerous problems (e.g., data availability, estimate accuracy), which are further discussed in the paper.
Citation: Macháč, J. & Brabec, J. Water Resour Manage (2018) 32: 1453. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11269-017-1879-z
Special issue of Journal of Flood Risk management dealing with coordination of land and flood risk managemenent.
Special Issue was compiled as one of the first outputs of our COST Action LAND4FLOOD (land4flood.eu).
Hartmann, T., Jílková, J., Schanze, J.: Land for flood risk management: A catchment‐wide and cross‐disciplinary perspective. DOI: 10.1111/jfr3.12344 (available here).
Jüpner, R.: Coping with extremes – experiences from event management during the recent Elbe flood disaster in 2013. DOI: 10.1111/jfr3.12286 (available here).
Pant, R., Thacker, S., Hall, J.W., Alderson, D., Barr, S.: Critical infrastructure impact assessment due to flood exposure. DOI: 10.1111/jfr3.12288 (available here).
Milman, A., Warner, B.P., Chapman, D.A., Short Gianotti, A.G.: Identifying and quantifying landowner perspectives on integrated flood risk management. DOI: 10.1111/jfr3.12291 (available here).
Tarlock, D., Albrecht, J.: Potential constitutional constraints on the regulation of flood plain development: three case studies. DOI: 10.1111/jfr3.12274 (available here).
Seher, W., Löschner, L.: Balancing upstream–downstream interests in flood risk management: experiences from a catchment‐based approach in Austria. DOI: 10.1111/jfr3.12266 (available here).
Machac, J., Hartmann, T., Jilkova, J.: Negotiating land for flood risk management : upstream‐downstream in the light of economic game theory. DOI: 10.1111/jfr3.12317 (available here).
Collentine, D.,Futter, M.N.: Realising the potential of natural water retention measures in catchment flood management: trade‐offs and matching interests. DOI: 10.1111/jfr3.12269 (available here).
McCarthy, S., Viavattene, C., Sheehan, J., Green, C.: Compensatory approaches and engagement techniques to gain flood storage in England and Wales. DOI: 10.1111/jfr3.12336 (available here).
Slavikova, L.: Effects of government flood expenditures: the problem of crowding‐out. DOI: 10.1111/jfr3.12265 (available here).
Are socio-demographic variables relevant factors of municipal waste generation?
ABSTRACT: Increasing pressure of the European Union on diverting municipal waste from landfills requires an active role of households and commands a radical change of their behavior. Knowledge of behavioral patterns enables an effective design of municipal waste management systems. Based on several factors influencing environmental behavior, this paper aims at analyzing differences in municipal waste generation among Czech municipalities using socio-demographic factors. A set of 12 characteristics for 5445 Czech municipalities was investigated. Using ordinary least squares regression, we developed a model with eight indicators describing household size, gender, completed education level and diverse housing characteristics. Even though the model explains only 5.1% of waste generation variability among Czech municipalities, it is statistically significant. Other factors such as age or population density do not improve the model significantly. The resulting model will be used as a basis for further spatial analysis.
Citation: Rybová, K., Slavík, J., Burcin, B. et al. J Mater Cycles Waste Manag (2018), doi: https://doi.org/10.1007/s10163-018-0734-5